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Resources and tools to help you comprehend and treat the symptoms of the flu and the cold

What is a cold & flu?

Influenza (flu) and the common cold are both contagious respiratory illnesses, but they are caused by different viruses. 

What causes cold & flu?

Flu is caused by influenza viruses only, whereas the common cold can be caused by a number of different viruses, including rhinoviruses, parainfluenza, and seasonal coronaviruses.

What is the difference between a cold and flu?

flu is worse than the common cold, and symptoms are typically more intense and begin more abruptly. Colds are usually milder than flu. People with colds are more likely to have a runny or stuffy nose than people who have flu. Colds generally do not result in serious health problems, such as pneumonia, bacterial infections, or hospitalizations. Flu can have serious associated complications.

colds and flu have many similar symptoms, it can be difficult to tell the difference without special tests.

Below Details will be helpful to you for better understand cold & flu.

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When do I call the doctor with flu or cold symptoms?

If you have any of the following severe symptoms in addition to flu or cold symptoms, it’s crucial to call your doctor right away:

Persistent fever –

Fever that persists for longer than three days may indicate the presence of another bacterial illness that has to be treated.

Painful swallowing:

Even though a sore throat brought on by the flu or a cold might occasionally produce mild discomfort, persistent pain could indicate strep throat, which calls for medical attention.

Persistent coughing:

If a cough persists after two to three weeks, it may be bronchitis and require antibiotic treatment. The cause of a persistent cough can also be postnasal drip or sinusitis. Another reason for chronic coughing is asthma.

Persistent congestion and headaches:

Colds and allergies can result in sinus congestion and blockage, which can result in a sinus infection (sinusitis).

After a week, you can have a bacterial infection and require an antibiotic if you still have pain in your face and eyes and heavy nasal discharge. But most sinus infections don’t require an antibiotic.

In some other cases also, you may need to get emergency medical attention right away.

signs of a crisis include, in Adults:

  • Severe chest pain
  • Severe headache
  • Shortness of breath
  • Dizziness
  • Confusion
  • Persistent vomiting

Additional signs of an emergency in children:

  • Difficulty breathing or rapid breathing
  • Bluish skin color
  • Not drinking enough fluids
  • Lethargy and failure to interact normally
  • Extreme irritability or distress
  • Symptoms that were improving and then suddenly worsen
  • Fever with a rash

Put a Stop to the Spread of Flu : Strategies to Follow

  • Avoid close contact.
  • Stay home when you are sick.
  • Cover your mouth and nose.
  • Clean your hands.

Washing your hands often will help protect you from germs. If soap and water are not available, use an alcohol-based hand rub.

  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose or mouth.
  • Practice other good health habits.

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