FIRST QUESTION ARISE IN EVERY ONE’S MIND IS “WHAT IS GERD? (Gastroesophageal reflux disease)”


So, let’s know….

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a chronic and more severe form of acid reflux.

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) occurs when stomach acid repeatedly flows back into the tube connecting your mouth and stomach (esophagus). This backwash (acid reflux) can irritate the lining of your esophagus. Many people experience acid reflux from time to time. However, when acid reflux happens repeatedly over time, it can cause gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) Symptoms :

General signs and symptoms of GERD includes:

The main symptom of GERD is acid reflux.

Acid reflux can cause an A burning sensation in your chest (heartburn), usually after eating, which might be worse at night or while lying down, this feeling is often known as heartburn.

If you have acid reflux,

you might also feel a sour or bitter taste at the back of your mouth It could likewise cause the disgorging of food or liquid from your stomach into your mouth.

Some other symptoms of GERD include:

  • Nausea
  • Chest pain
  • Pain when swallowing
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Chronic cough
  • A hoarse voice
  • Bad breath

GERD causes :

The term “gastroesophageal” refers to the stomach and esophagus. Reflux means to flow back or return. Gastroesophageal reflux is when what’s in your stomach backs up into your esophagus.

In normal digestion, your LES opens to allow food into your stomach. Then it closes to stop food and acidic stomach juices from flowing back into your esophagus. Gastroesophageal reflux happens when the LES is weak or relaxes when it shouldn’t. This lets the stomach’s contents flow up into the esophagus.

GERD treatment options :

  • To manage and relieve symptoms of GERD, This certain lifestyle changes can help, like:
  • Maintaining a moderate weight, if applicable
  • Quitting smoking, if you smoke
  • Avoiding big, heavy meals in the evening
  • Waiting a few hours after eating to lie down
  • Elevating your head during sleep (by raising the head of your bed 6-8 inches)

When to connect to a doctor, if you feel GERD symptoms?

Seek immediate medical care if you have chest pain, especially if you also have shortness of breath, or jaw or arm pain. These may be signs and symptoms of a heart attack.

GERD Treatment: Medication

If lifestyle and dietary changes do not work, your doctor may prescribe certain medications. There are two categories of medicines for reflux. One decreases the level of acid in your stomach, and one increases the level of motility (movement) in the upper gastrointestinal tract.

  • Antacids
  • Histamine blockers
  • Proton pump inhibitors
  • Prokinetic agents
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